There are actually two forms of esophageal cancer. Firstly, we have Squamous Cell Carcinoma which begins in the cells lining the esophagus. Then there is Adenocarcinoma which is found in the cells that create and release mucus and other fluids. Esophageal Cancer forms in tissues lining the esophagus (the tube through which food passes from the throat to the stomach).
Stage I. The cancer is found in the top layers of the cells lining the esophagus.
Stage II. This means that the cancer is in the deeper layers lining the esophagus. In some cases, it may have spread to the local lymph nodes.
Stage III. This is where cancer has breached the wall of the esophagus but has not spread to other parts of the body.
Stage IV. At stage four, cancer will have now spread to other parts of the body such as the lungs, liver, brain or bones.
During the early stages of esophageal cancer there may not be any symptoms, but as the cancer multiplies, symptoms may include:
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For further information on available treatments, please see our recommended esophageal cancer treatment page.
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